Sanxingdui bronze mask on New Year’s Eve

2022-07-12 0 By

Chengdu, Jan. 31 (Xinhua) — A bronze mask unearthed from the Sanxingdui Ruins was unveiled at the 2022 Spring Festival Gala held by the China Media Group on Thursday night to celebrate the Chinese New Year.Tang Fei, director of the Sichuan Provincial Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology, said that the 131cm wide, 71cm high, 66cm deep and 131kg bronze mask, which was displayed on the stage of the 2022 Spring Festival Gala, is the largest and well-preserved large bronze mask unearthed from sanxingdui site.Its wide forehead, sharp edges, eyebrows, eyes, lips and other smooth lines, are prominent in the face, thick and long eyebrows as raised, the mask on both sides of the upper and lower and the middle of the forehead have square perforation, may be used for fixed purposes.The bronze mask is a typical artifact of Sanxingdui culture, dating back to more than 3,000 years ago, reflecting the ancient Shu people’s understanding and thinking about the world of natural things and human beings and gods.Photo by Wang Xi, Xinhua News Agency, September 3, 2021. Photo taken on September 3, 2021 shows a large bronze mask unearthed in the sacrificial pit at Sanxingdui Site.The picture below is the large bronze mask restored by Sichuan Provincial Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology and Sanxingdui Museum.Sanxingdui site, located in Guanghan City, Sichuan Province, about 40 kilometers south of Chengdu city, is one of the most important ancient sites of the pre-Qin period in southwest China.In 1986, thousands of bronze sacred trees, bronze Daliren, bronze masks, gold sceptre and other precious cultural relics were excavated at no. 1 and 2 “Sacrificial Pits”. The Sanxingdui site was thus “awakened and shocked the world”, attracting worldwide attention.Since December 2019, under the guidance and support of the State Administration of Cultural Heritage, the Sichuan Provincial Bureau of Cultural Heritage has organized the Sichuan Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology and other units to discover six new “sacrificial pits” in the same area as “No. 1” and “No. 2”, numbered as “sacrificial pits” 3 to 8 respectively.Cultural preservation workers are repairing a large bronze mask unearthed from sanxingdui Ruins (File photo).At the beginning of 2021, archaeologists began excavating no. 3 “sacrificial pit”.On March 16, the buried cultural relics in the pit were fully revealed, including bronze ware, jade and stone tools, gold ware, ivory and other precious cultural relics. The bronze mask is located south of the middle of no.3 “Sacrificial pit”.The large bronze mask is extracted from the pit on June 23, 2021.Archeologists and cultural relic protectors have analyzed and studied the casting process of the mask and believe that it was made by casting the face, the back of the cheek, the eyes, the ears and other parts respectively, and then assembled into a whole. The silk fabric residue with warp and weft tissue was also found on the right eye of the mask.This is the back of the restored bronze mask (file photo).As a major project of “Archaeological China”, the excavation of Sanxingdui site is also a typical representative of China’s century-old archaeological achievements. Since its discovery in 1929, several generations of archaeologists have continued their century-old efforts to explore the roots of civilization.By the end of 2021, only six “sacrificial pits” have been discovered in Sanxingdui, with a total of more than 10,000 numbered cultural relics unearthed, including gold masks, top human figures, large masks, altar models, kneeling bronze figures, and more than 500 ivory tusks. Some of them can be viewed at close range in sanxingdui Museum.Many cultural relics, such as Tong Zun, Tong Lei, Yu Zhang and Yu Cong, show the close connection between Shu and the culture of the Central Plains and the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River, and demonstrate the historical development process of diversified integration of Chinese civilization.This is the side of the restored bronze mask (file photo).Xinhua News Agency (photo provided by the State Administration of Cultural Heritage) Cultural preservation workers are repairing a large bronze mask unearthed from the Sanxingdui ruins.Xinhua News Agency (Photo provided by the State Administration of Cultural Heritage)