6 essential nutrients for cancer patients, so you can get them back

2022-07-21 0 By

Please click on the “attention” before reading, regularly send health information, every day to find health accompany you add courage, embrace love, anti-cancer road not alone ~ tumor belongs to the consumptive disease, can consume the body of nutrients which gradually become weak, and in the process of treatment of the “bone” as a result of the surgery and radiation and chemotherapy adverse reactions,Often in the consumption of their own nutrition and energy on the basis of worse: gastrointestinal adverse reactions, anemia, abnormal taste and other troubles will make patients eat and sleep well, will also aggravate the state of malnutrition of patients.Therefore, it is necessary to quickly, steadily and accurately supplement the nutrients needed by the patient, to establish a solid anti-cancer defense line for the body, so that the patient can have good physical quality to deal with the following treatment.Today, we will check the nutritional elements that tumor patients must be “balanced”.Protein Protein is involved in many important physiological activities of the human body, maintaining cell tissue growth, renewal and repair;The body’s immune system is also largely dependent on protein synthesis and work.Protein is not only a prerequisite for the normal functioning of the body, but also the strongest logistical support for cancer patients.For tumor patients, protein supplementation can maintain normal metabolism of the body, timely repair of normal cells and tissues killed by drugs, promote postoperative wound repair, reduce adverse reactions to radiotherapy and chemotherapy, improve immunity, and help patients to a good prognosis.When do you need a supplement?When there is severe fatigue, continuous weight loss or albumin < 30g/L, prealbumin ≤0.2g/L, there is a risk of malnutrition, at this time must pay attention to protein supplement.In addition, protein supplementation is important to help patients achieve a better prognosis, whether during the perioperative period, radiotherapy and chemotherapy period or the subsequent recovery period.How to fill?According to the European Critical Nutrition Guidelines recommended: for patients, protein is recommended to supplement 1.2-2G per kilogram of body weight daily through food supplements, such as protein powder, milk, eggs, chicken, duck meat, lean meat, hairtail, crucian carp, soy products, etc.Calcium an adult needs 800 mg of calcium per day, while the standard diet in China provides about 400mg of calcium per day, which only accounts for 50% of the adult's daily calcium requirement [1].And cancer patients in the treatment process may appear vomiting, diarrhea, poor appetite, adverse reactions can lead to insufficient calcium intake, and combined with anti-tumor drug damage to the liver and will further lead to serious lower utilization of calcium, calcium deficiency can appear even for a long time the symptom such as osteoporosis, bone hyperplasia, or hardening of the arteries.When do you need a supplement?It should be emphasized that before calcium supplementation, blood calcium content should be determined in medical institutions, as well as bone density examination and bone alkaline phosphatase examination to determine whether there is calcium deficiency. When there is calcium deficiency and osteoporosis, calcium supplementation should be carried out under the guidance of doctors.How to fill?According to the recommended dietary mineral intake of Chinese residents, it is recommended that adults under 50 years old take in 800mg of calcium a day, and adults over 50 years old take in 1,000 mg of calcium a day.Can take calcium tablets, vitamin D, the way to supplement calcium, can also eat high calcium content of food to supplement calcium, such as milk, shepherd's purse, broccoli, tofu, shellfish and so on.Iron chemotherapy will cause anemia caused by bone marrow suppression, coupled with insufficient intake and loss of iron nutrients in patients, will aggravate anemia.The 2017 National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) guidelines put the incidence of anemia in cancer patients as high as 30% to 90%.According to the relevant data of China in 2012, it was as high as 60.83% [2].At this time, patients will show fatigue, fatigue, dizziness, palpitations, shortness of breath, pale face, decreased physical strength and resistance, memory loss and other symptoms, and even delay the progress of tumor treatment.Iron, as an important component of human red blood cells, is the top blood tonic element.When do you need a supplement?When haemoglobin appears in haemal examination < 110g/L, or it is serum ferritin how fill?According to the recommended dietary nutrient intake for Chinese residents, the recommended daily intake of iron for adults is 12-20mg.Iron deficiency anemia patients can be under the guidance of the doctor oral or intravenous injection of iron agent to fill iron, daily life also need to eat some iron food, such as animal blood, animal liver, lean meat, poultry meat, fish, sesame, fungus, kelp, mushrooms, mulberry, etc.Zinc after chemotherapy, some patients will find that they eat strange taste, and even the worst can not eat the taste, which is due to the destruction of chemotherapy drugs in the mouth taste buds, mucous membranes and nerves, resulting in the patient's taste error or disappearance.The active taste cells need large amounts of zinc to maintain sensitivity to the taste of food, so timely supplementation of zinc is key when you find your taste is abnormal.When do you need a supplement?When it is discovered that abnormal taste, partial eating, eating without taste and so on, trace elements can be checked to see whether there is zinc deficiency, if there is zinc deficiency, can be added under the guidance of the doctor.How to fill?According to the recommended dietary nutrient intake for Chinese residents, the recommended daily intake of zinc for adults is 7.5-12.5mg.Zinc can be done: first of all, under the guidance of doctors by taking zinc supplements, such as zinc acid oral liquid, zinc particles, etc.;Secondly, it is recommended to eat more foods rich in zinc, such as pears, peanuts, ferns, shellfish, cabbage, radish, walnut and so on.When it comes to selenium, it is necessary to mention the star element "selenium". Selenium can improve the immune function of tumor patients, promote the production of antibodies by lymphocytes, increase the level of immunoglobulin in blood, and improve resistance.Through a series of selenium-containing enzymes, many lipid peroxides and hydrogen peroxide can be effectively cleared, and tumor angiogenesis and tumor growth can be inhibited.It can also increase the level of adenosine in tumor cells and form an internal environment that inhibits the division and proliferation of tumor cells, thereby killing tumor cells.When do you need a supplement?Patients who have micronutrient tests that show selenium deficiency or who are undergoing chemotherapy or need to protect the liver may need additional selenium supplements to reduce damage to the liver, kidney and bone marrow.How to fill?According to the recommended dietary nutrient intake for Chinese residents, the recommended daily intake of selenium for adults is 60mg.Selenium is mainly obtained by eating foods rich in selenium, such as animal offal, sesame seeds, asparagus, broccoli, purple potatoes, mushrooms, grapes, kiwi fruit, longans and cashews.Vitamin B in this big family, we commonly have B1, B6, B12, etc., and the members of vitamin B group will show their strengths through synergistic action, together to maintain the physiological function of the body.Among them, vitamin B1 can promote the appetite of patients, ensure the normal metabolism of carbohydrates, maintain the normal activity of nerves;Vitamin B6 has the effect of inhibiting vomiting, can help relieve patients with gastrointestinal discomfort symptoms, strengthen the efficacy of chemotherapy, but also to prevent hand-foot syndrome;Vitamin B12 promotes the development and maturation of red blood cells in the blood, can help patients with anemia, and can treat peripheral nerve damage caused by chemotherapy.When do you need a supplement?When peripheral nerve damage, severe gastrointestinal reactions, loss of appetite and anemia occur during treatment, vitamin B can be supplemented to improve symptoms and alleviate the pain of patients.How to fill?According to the recommended dietary nutrient intake of Chinese residents, the recommended daily intake of vitamin B1 is about 1.2-1.4mg, vitamin B6 is about 1.4mg, and vitamin B12 is about 2.4mg.Vitamin B supplement people can eat more corn, oats, sweet potato, broccoli, cabbage, soy products, etc.From the above introduction, it is not difficult to see that the most important thing is to have a balanced and diversified diet in order to fully absorb the required nutritional elements. Only by focusing on the selection of food according to their different needs and nutritional elements that they lack, can they supplement nutrition more efficiently and eat better prognosis and quality of life.It is recommended to eat more fish, shellfish, white meat and eggs, reduce the intake of red meat, 50g to 80g daily is appropriate, and 300g milk daily to supplement high-quality protein and calcium.The recommended intake is 300g to 500g of vegetables, 200g to 300g of fruits, and 30g of nuts for vitamin and mineral supplements.When a nutrient is deficient, supplement it with medication as directed by your doctor.Maintain a moderate amount of cereal intake every day, adults eat 200g-400g a day is appropriate, pay attention to the thickness of the collocation, such as rice, flour, oats, sorghum, potato and other foods can be eaten together.Do not eat pickled, old metamorphic or irritating things, eat less smoked, baked, pickled, fried, salty food.[1] Gong Zhenpei.Microelements and their relationship with disease prevention and treatment [J]. Guangdong Trace Elements Science,2002(12):54-61[2] clinical practice Guidelines for tumor-associated anemia (2015-2016 edition) [J].Chinese Journal of Practical Internal Medicine, 2015(11):921-930.